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Cone Beam CT Evaluation of Maxillary Sinus Floor and Alveolar Crest Anatomy for the Safe Placement of Implants

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Başak Kuşakçi Şeker, Kaan Orhan, Emre Şeker, Gülbahar Ustaoğlu*, Oğuz Ozan and Nilsun Bağiş   Pages 913 - 920 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Alveolar bone height in the posterior maxillary region is very important and critical for dental implant planning and placement.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the anatomy of the maxillary sinus floor in relation to the alveolar crest and to determine variations in the vertical measurements between the maxillary sinus floor and the alveolar bone crest tip in the posterior edentulous maxilla with the use of cone beam computerized tomography.

Methods: This analysis enrolled 234 retrospectively selected patients (123 males with mean age 52.95±11.74 (range 32-76 years) and 111 females with mean age 58.14±11.92 (range 32-75 years)) with edentulous posterior maxillary regions. The maxillary sinus floor was divided into three anatomical segments (anterior, median and posterior) in relation to the transverse palatine suture. The measurements were performed on 3D surface rendered volumetric images by using rotation and translation of the views. Landmarks for measurement were specified by using a cursor driven pointer. Vertical lines were marked on the cross-sectional images between the alveolar ridge and the deepest point of the maxillary sinus floor for each of the three regions. P < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant.

Results: The mean distance values between the sinus floor and the alveolar crest in the anterior, median and posterior regions were 8.74±3.97 mm, 5.37±3.23 mm and 7.06±3.28 mm, respectively. Measurements in the anterior region were found to be high in both total and gender groups compared to other regions. Also, subsinus alveolar bone heights decreased with increasing age in both genders in all three regions.

Conclusion: This study emphasizes that the mean subsinus alveolar bone height is highest in the anterior segment of the edentulous posterior maxilla. These results may guide clinicians to make the decision of implant placement area and lead to less invasive alternative surgery methods for edentulous posterior segments.

Keywords:

Anatomic variations, CBCT, implant surgery, alveolar bone, alveolar ridge, dental implant.

Affiliation:

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Mersin, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara

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